Low Sperm Count Treatment

A low sperm count is also called oligospermia. Every fifth person in world is facing a problem of low sperm count.A complete absence of sperm is called azoospermia.Your sperm count is considered lower than normal if you have fewer than 15 million sperm per milliliter of semen. A low sperm count in male does lessen the possibility of fertilizing the female’s egg, but it does not mean one cannot become a father.

There are a number of causes that may result in low sperm count. Some of the major causes include:

Infection diseases:
Infections like sexual transmitted infections, inflamed testicles and urinary tract infection can block the sperm production.

Swelling of veins:
The swelling of the veins drains the testicles and thus, prevent the normal cooling of the testicles, which leads to reduction of sperm count and male infertility to some extent.

Retrograde ejaculation problems:
Retrograde ejaculation is caused by various health conditions such as spinal injury or diabetes, causing the semen to enter the bladder instead of emerging out of the penis during orgasm.

Anti-sperm antibodies:
These are immune system cells that may mistake sperms as harmful in the body and thus try to destroy them.

Cancer or tumors:
These conditions can affect the male reproductive organs directly or indirectly by affecting the reproductive hormonal glands.

Hormone imbalances:
Alteration of the hormones that create sperms can also reduce sperm production.

Sperm duct problems:
Damage, injury, and blockage in the epididymis (part of the testicle that stores sperm) or blockage of the tubes carrying sperms out of the testicles (vas deferens) maybe the cause of lower-than-normal sperm count.

Inherited disorders:
Some people are born with some inherited disorders, such as chromosomal defects, which lead to abnormal development of the male reproductive organs.
Prescribed medications: Some medications like testosterone replacement therapy, chemotherapy and long term use of anabolic steroid may negatively affect male fertility.

Digestive disorder:
This disorder, celiac disease is caused due to the sensitivity to gluten and may also cause male infertility.

Exposure to chemicals:
Chemicals such as painting materials, pesticides, organic solvents benzenes, toluene, xylene, and heavy metal like lead may cause low sperm counts.

Exposure to radiation:
Radiation can cause a reduction in sperm production; with prolonged exposure, it can cause permanent sperm production.

Overheating testicles:
Such activities like prolonged bicycling, sitting for long periods, prolonged use of laptop on the lap, as well as tight clothing may increase the temperature in the scrotum and can significantly reduce the sperm production.

Exploiting unlawful drugs:
Some illegal drugs taken to stimulate muscles such as anabolic steroids result in lessening the sperm production by shrinking the testicles.
Job Style: Some occupations such as those involving use of computer or industrial chemicals may increase the risk of infertility.

Tobacco smoking:
People who smoke are at a higher risk of infertility than those who don’t.

Severe emotional stress: Prolonged emotional stress like infertility stress may interfere with hormones responsible for producing sperm.
Obesity:

Being overweight increases the risk of infertility.

Incorrect sperm tests: The sample taken to test sperm count may not be a good representation of the sperm population and thus, severe samples taken over a period are needed.

Antibiotics:
Infections of the reproductive tract can be cured with antibiotics though the treatment may not restore fertility.

Hormone replacement and medications: Hormone medication and treatments can improve hormone levels and sperm counts.

Heat: You’ve probably heard the warning about not keeping your laptop on your lap — it’s true. Increasing the temperature around your family jewels can mess with sperm production. This is the same reason why you should avoid hot tubs, saunas and steamy baths if you’re aiming for healthy sperm levels. It’s also why experts advise against wearing tight underwear like briefs or athletic shorts.

Cyclists should also be aware that riding a bike more than two hours a day, six days a week could negatively affect sperm count. If you’re a hardcore cyclist, make sure you take frequent breaks.

Smoking:
In case you didn’t have enough reasons to quit, smoking cigarettes or marijuana can hurt your reproductive health. Smoking cigarettes has been linked to reduced sperm motility (aka the little guys’ ability to swim), as well as abnormally shaped sperm, and heavy use of marijuana has been associated with lower testosterone levels and reduced sperm quantity and quality. Other studies have refuted this (see “Alcohol” slide).

Alcohol: The relationship between alcohol use and sperm count is somewhat unclear. Some studies say that heavy drinking can hurt both the quality and quantity of sperm, but a 2012 British study found that neither drinking nor smoking would do any harm. Here’s the easy solution: Drink in moderation and don’t smoke; heavy drinking and smoking can do plenty of damage without even factoring in reproductive health.

Lubricants: While many sexually active people use lubricant to help things, um, move more efficiently, that same product can actually hurt sperms’ ability to move freely. If you’re really concerned about sperm count, We suggests using vegetable, safflower or peanut oil instead.

Chemical found in nonstick pans & raincoats: Some studies are pointing to our pans as risks for male reproductive health. One study in particular found that men with high levels of certain chemicals called perfluoralkyl acids — which add the nonstick quality to raincoats and pans — in their sperm had half the amount of normal sperm. Don’t go throwing out your expensive pans yet — this study was small, and the relationship between perluoroalkyl acids and sperm levels requires much more research.

Medications:
Such as calcium channel blockers, tricyclic antidepressants, anti-androgens, anabolic steroids, chemotherapy drugs and radiation treatment for cancer — can cause fertility issues, so be sure to discuss these potential complications with your doctor before starting the medication.

Phthalates: You’ve probably noticed an increase in manufacturers touting their products as “phthalate-free” in the past couple of years. It’s because these substances — which are often added to plastic and can be found in various cosmetics and personal care products — have caused a stir in the past decade after a number of studies linked them to a plethora of health concerns. A few of those concerns: lower sperm count, lower sperm motility and abnormally shaped sperm.

Stress: Is there anything that stress doesn’t affect? According to the Mayo Clinic, it can interfere with the hormones needed to produce sperm, and it’s not a bad idea for a man looking to increase his sperm count to find more effective ways to relax. One small British study actually found that men who talked about their problems with loved ones actually had higher sperm counts than those who bottled up their emotions.

Cellphones:v If you carry your phone in your hip pocket or on your belt, you might want to rethink that — men who follow this practice were found to have 11% fewer mobile sperm than those who stored their phone in other places. Even when it’s not in the general vicinity of your groin, cellphones have been linked to reproductive issues. One study found that men who spent more than an hour a day on the phone had 17% fewer highly motile sperm than those who only chatted on the device 15 minutes a day.

Pesticides: Scientists have noticed that men from rural areas where farming pesticides are common have lower sperm counts than men from urban areas. Agricultural runoff gets into tap water and can disrupt hormonal processes. This happens not just in grown men, but also in developing fetuses, which can carry the hormonal disruption with them for life.

Watching TV: A 2013 study from the British Journal of Sports Medicine found that men who watched 20 hours of TV or more per week had sperm counts that were 44 percent lower than those of men who didn’t watch TV. Researchers believe this may be due to the sedentary nature of TV-watching, since the guys in the study who exercised 15 or more hours each week had sperm counts that were significantly higher than those of men who exercised fewer than 5 hours a week.

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